Cómo la respuesta ante COVID-19 amplía la superficie de los ataques cibernéticos.
En la medida en que las organizaciones trasladan sus operaciones hacia un modelo de trabajo remoto en respuesta a COVID-19, los profesionales de ciberseguridad enfrentan una expansión repentina de la superficie de ataque.Here’s what you need to consider from a vulnerability management standpoint to keep your organization safe.
En la medida en que organizaciones de todos los tamaños responden a la pandemia generada por el COVID-19 al hacer que una cantidad considerable de sus empleados trabajen desde casa, los líderes de ciberseguridad enfrentan una expansión súbita de la superficie de ataque.In addition to helping employees avoid falling prey to the plethora of coronavirus-related malware campaigns and scams currently circulating, organizations would do well to closely monitor the tools being used to enable a suddenly remote workforce. This post is intended to provide guidance for security teams, sysadmins and end users alike about the VPNs, SMTP servers, Windows Remote Desktop Protocols, browsers and routers working overtime to keep organizations up and running.
Understanding the distributed attack surface
As organizations move to a remote-work model, either temporarily for emergency conditions or as a more permanent solution to facilitate talent acquisition and corporate growth, their attack surface also grows. Managing a remote workforce can be challenging, as it distributes the attack surface. This is especially challenging when the distribution is done on short notice, but it’s not an impossible task. CISOs and systems administrators need to focus not only on corporate-controlled assets, but the additional risk brought on by employees’ personal devices that aren’t managed and secured by corporate security measures.
Managing VPNs and mail servers
Remote employees need to connect to corporate resources to collaborate and manage their work. Vulnerabilities found in VPNs, like the Fortinet and Pulse Secure flaws that were actively exploited in summer 2019, or the critical vulnerability in Citrix Application Delivery Controller that was exploited in January of this year, provide a popular target for attackers looking to pivot from the virtual front door to the rest of an organization’s assets.
A higher volume of critical information is being sent through email as employees are being sent the resources they need to work remotely. If an attacker were to gain access to those email servers for a short time, they would have a higher chance of intercepting sensitive data. Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) server vulnerabilities – like CVE-2020-0688 in Microsoft Exchange Server and Exim vulnerabilities CVE-2018-6789, CVE-2019-10149, CVE-2019-15846 and CVE-2019-16928 – are prime targets for attackers looking to quickly capitalize on unpatched mail servers. So, make sure mail servers are patched and up-to-date, and caution users about the risks of using email to send sensitive data.
The remote environment: Windows Remote Desktop Protocol, web browsers and home networks
Another popular method for employees to connect to a company remotely is via the Windows Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP), which allows them to access a “remote desktop” within their company’s network. Over the years, many vulnerabilities have been identified in RDP, most notably BlueKeep, an unauthenticated remote code execution flaw requiring no user interaction to exploit and spread, similar to EternalBlue. BlueKeep was patched in Microsoft’s May 2019 Patch Tuesday and actively exploited in the wild in late 2019.
While connecting to work remotely comes with its own set of security issues, the applications installed on these devices are not without their own flaws. One of the most common targets are web browsers. Some of the most popular browsers were found to contain vulnerabilities exploited in the wild by attackers as recently as the start of 2020. Vulnerabilities in both Internet Explorer and Google Chrome were actively exploited in January, followed by Mozilla Firefox in late February. These attacks highlight the importance of ensuring the browsers your company uses are always up-to-date with the latest security patches.
The location from which you connect to your company’s network is just as important. Organizations often advise against connecting to public and untrusted Wi-Fi networks with good reasons. When using your home network, if possible, implement LAN and/or Wi-Fi network segmentation, so work devices are not accessible by other devices. Always ensure your modem and router firmware are up-to-date with the latest secure version to ensure these devices are patched against vendor-specific flaws, vulnerable protocols or services, such as the recently disclosed Point-to-Point Protocol Daemon vulnerability.
Managing risks with a distributed workforce can be tricky, and threat actors will continue to be a constant challenge for organizations with remote workers. From remote connections over a corporate VPN to the added risk of employees at home, there’s a lot of ground to cover. Staying informed about your organization’s threat landscape can help you stay ahead of emergent threats and cyber risks. A list of Tenable plugins to identify the vulnerabilities highlighted in this blog post is available here. For guidance on specific vulnerabilities, reference the linked articles below.
Obtenga más información
Scams and malware:
- COVID-19: los ciberdelincuentes se aprovechan del temor al coronavirus
- COVID-19: El nuevo coronavirus se convierte en fuente de desinformación, fraudes y falsas curas (en inglés)
Corporate asset risk and remote access:
- CVE-2019-11510:Proof of Concept Available for Arbitrary File Disclosure in Pulse Connect Secure
- CVE-2018-13379, CVE-2019-11510: Vulnerabilidades de FortiGate y Pulse Connect Secure explotadas en la realidad
- CVE-2019-19781:Exploit Scripts for Remote Code Execution Vulnerability in Citrix ADC and Gateway Available
- CVE-2020-0688: Microsoft Exchange Server Static Key Flaw Could Lead to Remote Code Execution
- WannaCry 2.0: Detect and Patch EternalRocks Vulnerabilities Now
- Exim Buffer Overflow RCE Vulnerability (CVE-2018-6789) – What You Need to Know
- CVE-2019-10149: Se descubre vulnerabilidad crítica de ejecución remota de comando en Exim
- CVE-2019-15846: Se revela fallo de ejecución de comando remoto no autenticado para Exim
- CVE-2019-16928: La falla crítica de desbordamiento de búfer en Exim se puede explotar de forma remota
The remote environment:
- Critical 'BlueKeep' Vulnerability CVE-2019-0708 Addressed in Patch Tuesday Updates
- CVE-2019-0708:BlueKeep Exploited in the Wild to Deliver Cryptocurrency Miner
- CVE-2020-0674:Internet Explorer Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Exploited in the Wild
- CVE-2020-6418: Google Chrome Type Confusion Vulnerability Exploited in the Wild
- CVE-2019-17026:Zero-Day Vulnerability in Mozilla Firefox Exploited in Targeted Attacks
- CVE-2020-8597: Buffer Overflow Vulnerability in Point-to-Point Protocol Daemon (pppd)
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